Fossil Fuels and Climate Change

  • Coal-Sedimentary rock chunks that are either black or brown and might be soft or moderately hard. Depending on how much carbon there is in the coal, it can be divided into four types: anthracite, bituminous, sub-bituminous, and lignite. Coal is mined using surface or underground techniques, and in 2018 China, India, and the United States were coal’s main producers and consumers.
  • Oil-Crude oil is a liquid that mostly contains carbon and hydrogen. Depending on its chemical makeup, it can have a variety of colors and viscosities in addition to its common color of black. Crude oil, extracted from offshore and onshore wells, is refined into a range of petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel, and heating oil. The top three oil producers are the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Russia, which account for around 40% of global production.
  • Natural gas- Natural gas, an odorless gas predominantly consisting of methane, is frequently found in deposits that, like those for coal and oil, were created millions of years ago by decomposing plant and animal life.

Fossil fuels impact the climate.

When the heat emitted by the Earth is trapped in our atmosphere, the greenhouse effect is produced. Because it is unable to escape, it warms our globe instead. The gases produced by burning fossil fuels first trigger the greenhouse effect by trapping heat in the atmosphere. The rate of climate change will increase as emissions increase.

Significant fossil fuel impacts on the climate are:

  • The ocean absorbs at least 25 percent of the carbon dioxide released by fossil fuels, altering the chemistry of the water (pH). The rising acidity makes it more difficult for marine species to form coral skeletons and shells.
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration asserts that the combustion of fossil fuels is causing climate change, causing more frequent and severe extreme weather events resulting in different disasters—the cause of weather-related catastrophes like wildfires, hurricanes, windstorms, flooding, and droughts.
  • Global sea levels are rising due to glaciers and land-based ice sheets melting due to oceanic and atmospheric warming brought on by climate change. Sea levels have increased by about 9 inches, leading to more frequent floods, destructive storm surges, and saltwater intrusion.

Environmental impact

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